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Hadrat Ibrhm and zar

Question: Was zar the father of Hadrat Ibrhm (Abraham)?
The fact that all the grandfathers of our master the Prophet were pure Believers is established by yat-i karma and hadth-i sharfs. To say the opposite is to disbelieve the nass on this matter.

The 28th yat-i karma of Tawba Sra state that disbelievers are foul. Our master the Prophet declares that all his grandfathers were pure. The Shu'ar Sra says, Wataqallubaka fissjidn, the purport of which is, You, that is, your nr has reached you after having always been transferred from one prostrator to another. Interpreting this yat-i karma, Ahl as-Sunnat savants have inferred that All his fathers and mothers were Believers. After the hadth-i sharfs declaring all his fathers to be pure Believers are quoted at the beginning of the book Mawhib-i ladunniyya, the following is written:

Hadrat Ibn Abbs said, I transferred you from one prophets loins to anothers. That is, your race is the chain of prophets. This means that if a father had two sons, the Messenger of Allah would come from the one possessing the prophethood.

It is declared in hadth-i sharfs:
(I was born from the best ones of people living in every century.) [Bukhr]

(Of the descendants of Isml, Allahu tal liked and selected Kinna. Of the children of Kinna, He liked and selected Quraysh. Of the descendants of Quraysh, He selected Hshim Family. And of them, He filtered and selected me.) [Muslim]

(I came into being from the best people. My lineage is constituted by the best people.)

(Of the distinguished in Arabia, Allahu tal chose me. He placed me among the best of the people in every age.) [Tabarn]

(None of my grandfathers committed adultery. I came from the best fathers and pure mothers. If one of my grandfathers had had two sons, I would be in the best of these.) [Mawhib]

(From Hadrat dam up to my father, I always passed through married mothers and fathers. I am the best of you in terms of ancestry as well.) [Daylam]

(I am the most honorable of people in terms of lineage as well. I am not saying this in order to boast.) [Daylam]

[That is, it means, I am telling the truth. It is my task to tell the truth. If I do not tell you this, I will not have done my duty.]

These hadth-i sharfs and the yat-i karma in the Shuar Sra show that all of the grandfathers of our master the Prophet were pure Believers each. Since disbelievers are foul, it is impossible for Hadrat Ibrhms father to be a disbeliever.

Hadrat Molla Jmi writes:
A nr (holy light) shone on dams forehead because he bore a mote of Muhammad alaihis-salm. This mote was passed on to Hadrat Haww and from her to Hadrat Sht, thus passing from pure men to pure women and from pure women to pure men. The nr, together with the mote, passed from foreheads to foreheads [Shawhid].

Let alone a disbeliever, this nr would not even be passed on to a Believer who committed grave sins, such as adultery. zar is not the father of Hadrat Ibrhm in this respect, either. [The name of the father of Hadrat Ibrhm was Truh.]

zar was his uncle and stepfather
When Ibrhm told his father zar
is declared in the 74th verse of Anm Sra. It is written in the tafsr of Baydaw that zar herein is an atf-i bayn for the word father. When a person has two names and these two names are mentioned together, it is understood that the former is not famous but the latter is famous. The latter is used in order to unravel the ambiguity in the former, which is not famous. The latter one is called atf-i bayn.

Hadrat Ibrhm calls two persons father. One of them is his own father, and the other is the one who is his step father and uncle. According to the rules of jz (conveying many things smoothly and perfectly in few words), balaght (eloquence), fashat (rhetoric), the meaning of this verse is, When Ibrhm told his zar father . If it were not so, it would be enough in the Qurn to declare, When he told zar, or When he told his father. If he were his own father, the word his father would be superfluous. Even in English, we do not say, My father, Ali, is coming. Instead, we say, My father is coming.

In the Qurn al-karm, the word father is used for uncle. Hadrat Isml is the uncle of Hadrat Yaqb (Jacob). The Qurn al-karm, however, does not say Your uncle Isml, but says Your father Isml. His children (Hadrat Yaqbs children) said to him, Your fathers Ibrhm, Isml, and Ishaq (Al-Baqara 133). That is, it means, Your father Ibrhm, your father Isml, and your father Ishq. Yet Hadrat Isml is not Hadrat Yaqbs father, but his uncle. The tafsr books inform us that the word father is used for uncle in the Qurn al-karm. It is written in various, dependable Islamic books that our master the Prophet used to call an old villager and his uncle Ab Tlib and his uncle Hadrat Abbs, father.

Besides Arabs, it has been a custom in many nations to use the word father for uncle, for stepfather, for father-in-law, and also for any protecting or helping person.

We all know well that in Turkey, too, a person who makes charitable donations to people and who protects them is called a father man or the father of the poor. We also call old people Father (in Turkey) out of respect. Similarly, it is widely known that we address old women Mother isha or Mother Fatma. By saying so, they neither become our fathers nor our mothers. These are simply honorific titles. Again, we use such words as uncle or grandfather for old men and aunt or grandmother for old women, though there is not a family relationship between them and us. These are terms of respect.

Therefore, even though Hadrat Yaqbs own father is Hadrat Ishq, the Qurn al karm, addressing Hadrat Yaqb, says, Your father Isml.

[In his book Kitabud-darj-il-munifa, Hadrat Imm-i Syt proves with documents the fact that zar is the uncle of Hadrat Ibrhm.]

All prophets were Muslims
Before they were defiled by humankind, all the heavenly religions, teaching the belief in the existence and oneness of Allahu tal, were the same with respect to the principles of belief. The principles pertaining to practice were different. All prophets were Muslims. For example, the Qurn al-karm states the following about the prophets whom Jews and Christians regard as their prophets:
(Ibrhm was neither a Jew nor a Christian. He was an upright Muslim, who knew Allah.) [Srat-u l-i Imrn 67]

(Ibrhm, Isml, Ishq, Yaqb, and their grandchildren are Muslims. Say to those who say that they are Jews or Christians: Who knows better, you or Allah? Who can be more zlim than the one who conceals what Allah has communicated?) [Srat-ul-Baqara 140]

All divine religions that were sent as of Hadrat dam and the three major religions (the religions sent to Hadrat Ms and Hadrat s and the Islamic religion) from Hadrat Ms and to our master the Prophet professed belief in one Allah and taught that Allahs prophets were human beings. But Jews denied Hadrat s. Christians, on the other hand, never did rescue themselves from idolatry. Although Hadrat s said, I am a human being just like you. I am not Allahs son. He does not have a son or a daughter, they still worshiped three different deities under the names of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Hadrat Hd was sent to the d tribe; Hadrat Slih, to the Thamd tribe; and Hadrat Ms, to Ban Israell. Also Hrn, Dwud, Sulaimn, Zakariyy and Yahy alaihimus-salm were sent to Ban Israel. Yet none of them brought a new religion; they invited Ban Israel to Hadrat Mss religion. Though the Zabr was sent down to Hadrat Dwud, it did not have commandments or rules. It was full of sermons and advice. Therefore, it did not abrogate or invalidate the Torah, but strengthened it, and this is why the religion of Hadrat Ms continued. But in the course of time Jews made changes in the Torah, so the religion of Hadrat Ms was defiled. When Hadrat s came, his religion abrogated that of Hadrat Ms; that is, the Torah became invalid. So it was no longer permissible to follow even the undefiled rules in the religion of Hadrat Ms. From then on it was necessary to follow Hadrat ss religion. However, the majority of Jews did not believe Hadrat s and persisted in following the Torah. Thus Jews remained in distorted Judaism.

Hadrat s was born in Bait-ul-lahm. Then he went to Egypt and eventually moved to Nazareth and settled there. In Nazareth, he became a prophet when he was 30 years old. For this reason, the people who believed in Hadrat s were called Nasrn, and all the Nasrn people were called Nasra.

Jews claim, We follow Hadrat Mss religion and read the Torah and the Zabr. The Nasr claim, We follow Hadrat ss religion and read the Injl. However, the religion of Muhammad alaihis-salmthat is, Islamwhich has been sent to the whole world, invalidated all previous religions. It not only invalidated their defiled parts but also invalidated their undefiled parts. Since the Islamic religion will remain valid till the end of the world, it is not permissible to be in any religion other than this religion because the Qurn al-karm purports:

(The true religion in the sight of Allah is only Islam.) [Srat-u l-i Imrn 19]

(I have approved of Islam for you as the religion.) [Srat-ul-Mida 3]

(Whoever looks for a religion other than Islam, it will be never accepted from him.)
[Srat-u l-i Imrn 85]

No prophet will succeed our master the Prophet. As a matter of fact, it is declared in the Qurn al-karm:
(Muhammad alaihis-salm is Allahs Messenger and the last of prophets.) [Srat-ul-Ahzb 40]

Date of Update
26 Eyll 2022 Pazartesi
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