Question: Are Kalīm-Allah and Kalimat-Allah the same? Why is Hadrat Īsā called Ruh-Allah? Ādam is referred to as Safī-Allah. What do these terms mean?
To start with, let us list the titles given to arch-prophets:
Muhammad alaihis-salām is referred to as Habīb-Allah.
Ibrāhīm (Abraham) alaihis-salām is referred to as Khalīl-Allah.
Mūsā (Moses) alaihis-salām is referred to as Kalīm-Allah.
Īsā (Jesus) alaihis-salām is referred to as Ruh-Allah or Kalimat-Allah.
Ādam alaihis-salām is referred to as Safī-Allah.
Nuh (Noah) alaihis-salām is referred to as Najī-Allah.
These six prophets are superior to other prophets. They are called Ulul-azm (arch-prophets). Of them, the most superior is our master the Prophet, Muhammad alaihis-salām.
Habīb-Allah means Allahu taālās Beloved, because whom He loves the most is he. He created the universe for him.
Kalīm-Allah means the one with whom Allahu taālā spoke. Kalīm means the one to whom something has been said, with whom a talk has been had.
Kalimat-Allah means Allahu taālās kalima. Kalima in this context means a spirit. It also means a word of wisdom. The appellations Ruh-Allah and Kalimat-Allah, which are applied to Īsā alaihis-salām, mean a person whom Allahu taālā created without a father by blowing from His spirit. It also means a person who preaches Allahs words, which are full of hikmah. The word kalima should not be confused with the word kalīm.
Khalīl-Allah means the friend of Allahu taālā, because there was no love for creatures and there was only love for Allahu taālā in his heart.
Safī-Allah means a pure person who has been created as select by Allahu taālās favor.
Najī-Allah means the one who always busies himself with Allahu taālā and the one who gets happy through divine fayd.
They, except our master the Prophet, were sent to a tribe or a nation. Our master the Prophet, on the other hand, was sent to all worlds. All of the other prophets gave glad tidings to their communities that he would come. On the Mirāj Night, he became the imām for all of them and conducted namāz.