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Are the four madhhabs true only in the abstract?

Question: Some people are unable to fathom the validity of imitating another madhhab. One day I asked one of this kind of people, Are the four madhhabs true? He replied, Of course, they are true. I continued, Well then, are they true only in the abstract? He said, No, they are true in reality. I countered, All right, if that is so, then why are you abstaining from imitating one of the Mlik or Shfi Madhhab, both of which are also true, when you encounter a difficulty in an act of worship in the Hanaf Madhhab? He answered, A man of religion said that it was not necessary, so I believed him. Thereupon I said, It is necessary to believe in what dependable religious books write, not in what every man of religion says. If, while doing something in accordance with the madhhab you have been following, there arises a difficulty, if it causes you trouble and if you cannot find a way out in your own madhhab, you can imitate another madhhab. Were what I said to him correct?
ANSWER
Yes, they were correct. Your explanations suffice for people who have knowledge and a real sense of fairness. Not every religious mans words are held in high esteem. For example, some of them deny tasattur [covering oneself]; some of them state that music is hall [permitted] and also say that one can sacrifice a cock in the name of qurbn; some of them claim that the prayer times are three, not five; some of them say to the owner of the religion, that is, to our Master, the Prophet (alaihissalm) who was sent as rahmat-al-lil-lamn [the mercy and compassion to the worlds], (Hsh) He was a postman, and his mission was completed. Now ONLY THE QURN. It is possible to increase the number of such examples. The religion has not come recently. Nor has it come incompletely. You have to refer to the four sources of Islam, i.e. adilla ash-Shariyya, and you must not be governed by what people say.

It is not an inconvenience at all
Question:
As todays Muslims, we have nearly no knowledge of fiqh; that is, we have so little. You are writing with proof-texts and documents that people who have filled or crowned teeth must imitate the Mlik or Shfi Madhhab. In the same way, other people put forth proofs to the contrary. You, too, prove that those are wrong. However, we, who do not have knowledge of fiqh, do not understand much from those proof-texts and documents. Could you explain it to us logically?
ANSWER
In religious rules, where to refer to are 4 sources (i.e. adilla ash-Shariyya) of religion. For you, suffice it to say: Our four madhhabs are true. If we encounter difficulty in doing a thing in our own madhhab, we can carry out this thing by imitating one of those other madhhabs. Just as it is idiocy not to act with discretion in our worldly affairs, so it is idiocy not to act with discretion in our acts of worship.

In the Hanaf Madhhab, it is fard [obligatory] to wash inside the mouth in a ghusl [ritual washing]. If even a tiny part as large as a point of a pin is left dry, a ghusl will not be sahh [valid]. For this reason, people who have filled teeth must imitate the Mlik or Shfi Madhhab, both of which state that it is not fard to wash inside the mouth in a ghusl. If what we have conveyed were wrong, it would not do any harm to imitate another madhhab. What is more, we earn thawb as a result of our observing another madhhabs conditions. In fact, when Muslims perform the conditions in their own madhhab, if they also try to observe the conditions of another madhhab, it will be mustahab. If what we have conveyed in the Hanaf Madhhab were true, then people not believing this would remain junub [a person who needs a ghusl] during their lifetimes, and their namzes [ritual prayers] would not be valid.

[mustahab: an act for which there is thawb (blessing) and if omitted there is no sin.]
 
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6 Aralk 2021 Pazartesi
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