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Inspirations cannot be proofs or documents for the rules of the religion

Question: A Wal from Shfi Madhhab says, Scholars cannot dare to give a fatw in favor of crowning the teeth. But this dental matter has become an umm al-balw [a common plight, tribulation that plagues the masses], is prevalent everywhere, which is impossible to eliminate. I pondered on a solution which will provide help for Muslims to get out of this woeful plight; all of a sudden I was struck by this inspiration. It is not my authority or right to involve myself in a matter that concerns the scholars in the grade of ijtihd. However, though I abstain from giving fatws, but considering the darrat of umm al-balw, I say: If a Muslim dentist says that it is necessary for one to have ones teeth crowned, then crowning does not prevent the performance of a ghusl. Is the inspiration of this Shf Wal not a proof?

[fatw: an explanation on how to do Islams commandments; ijtihd: (meaning or conclusion drawn by a mujtahid through) endeavouring to understand the hidden meaning in an yat or a hadth; darrat: strong necessity; ghusl: ritual washing]

ANSWER
No, inspirations, no matter to which wal they belong, are not proofs or documents for the rules of the religion. In the same way, a wal is not responsible for his own inspirations, either. Hadrat Hallaj al-Mansr said anal- Haqq [meaning I am Haqq and Al-Haqq is one of the Ninety Nine Names of Allahu tal], and other greats, such as Ibn al-Arab and Byazd al-Bistm, had some erroneous inspirations. Correctness of inspirations is judged by their compatibility with what Islam communicates. Hadrat Imm-i Rabbn states:

We are enjoined to obey adilla-i shariyya, that is, four documents of the religion, but we are not enjoined to obey the inspirations of awliy [pl. of wal]. An inspiration is a proof for only its owner; it is not a proof for others. (First Volume, 272nd Letter)

Awliys erring in their inspirations is like a mujtahids erring in his ijtihd; it is not considered a defect. Due to their erring, one must not speak ill of awliy. However, it is not permissible for people to obey their wrong inspirations. But it is wjib to obey mujtahids words that have the possibility of being wrong. (First Volume, 31st Letter)

Even though some great men of tasawwuf, when they were overcome by hls, uttered some knowledge and marifats which were incompatible with the words of savants of the right path, they are not considered guilty since they expressed them through kashfs and inspirations. They are like a mujtahid who errs in his ijtihd; moreover, they earn a thawb, too. When different pieces of knowledge are concerned, only the ones communicated by the Ahl-i sunnat scholars are true because these pieces of knowledge were made known through wahy [divine revelation]. But the marifats of great men of tasawwuf were made known through inspirations. If there is as much as a hairs breadth irreconcilableness in an inspiration, it is deemed wrong. (First Volume, 112th Letter)

[tasawwuf: it explains the things to be done or avoided with the heart, and the ways to purify the heart and the soul. This is also called ilm-i akhlq or ilm-i ikhls; hl: continuous variation of the kashfs and manifestations that come to the heart; marifat: knowledge pertaining to Allahu tals Person; kashf: manifestation, appearence of Allahu tals Attributes]

The solution for umm al-balw
Now let us enumerate some assumptions about abovementioned inspiration:

1- Since in Shfi Madhhab it is not fard [obligatory] to wash inside the mouth in ghusl, this Shfi Wal may have said so due to this reason.

2- It is stated (above) that scholars refrain from giving a fatw in favor of dental fillings. They, of course, refrain from it. Which scholar can dare to cause Muslims to go about as junub? Even though the freemason shaikh-ul-Islms of the men of the Party of Union, such as Ms Kazim, gave a fatw in favor of them, pious scholars could not take courage for this.

3- It is true that this dental matter has become an umm al-balw [a common plight]. For example, in the same way, going out without covering ones body parts, drinking alcohol, gambling, and playing musical instruments are also common plights. Now if a wal says, To save people from these grave sins, an inspiration has occurred to my heart, and if he gives people permission to commit these harm [prohibited] acts, will his inspiration be a proof? As a matter of fact, there appeared people who, by way of the same reasoning, permitted girls to take off their headscarves and who let others perform namz by eye signs.

4- It is again said that if a Muslim dentist says that crowning a tooth is a (for a certain person) necessity then it does not prevent the performance of a ghusl. Is the word of a dentist a proof in the religion? If it is a proof, if another dentist says that it is not a darrat [strong necessity], can a person act upon the second dentists word as well? Who will settle this problem - dentists or savants?

5- In spite of his saying It is not my authority or right , we cannot understand the hidden cause of his displaying a practice to the contrary. In fact, it is not necessary for us to understand it because, after all, it is an inspiration; and an inspiration cannot be a proof.

6- Solution: It suffices for people who have fillings or crowns to imitate either the Mlik or Shfi Madhhab.
 
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6 Aralk 2021 Pazartesi
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