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Miscellaneous questions concerning ghusl

Question: How do people who have filled teeth imitate the Mālikī Madhhab?
Such people obey the fards [obligatory acts] and avoid the mufsids (that is, things that make an act of worship invalid) of this particular matter in the Mālikī Madhhab. They have to observe these conditions not only in ghusl but also in all acts of worship that are done with a ghusl. In other words, they have to obey the conditions and avoid the mufsids of the Mālikī Madhhab in both namāz and ablution along with ghusl. Otherwise, they will have made talfiq of madhhabs, that is, collected the easier parts of madhhabs, which is harām [prohibited].

Having one’s tooth filled when one is junub
Is there a difference between having a tooth filled when one is junub [a person who needs a ghusl] or in the state of menstruation and having a tooth filled or crowned when one is with ablution?
No, there is no difference between these two in terms of ghusl. Since it is fard [obligatory] to wash inside the mouth in ghusl in the Hanafī Madhhab, the ghusl will not be valid in this case. However, since it is not fard to wash inside the mouth in the Mālikī Madhhab, if people who have filled teeth imitate the Mālikī Madhhab, their ghusl will be valid.

Dental fillings and haraj
It is stated in the book Endless Bliss: “It is fard to wash every spot on the body if there is no haraj [difficulty] in wetting it. When there is haraj, that is, difficulty, predicament, if the thing that has caused haraj coexists with the darūrat, one is absolved from having to wash the parts concerned.” According to these statements, is it not haraj to take a filled tooth out? Secondly, though both of them are in the category of plaited hair, why is it haraj for a woman to undo her plaited hair in a ghusl but not haraj for a man to undo his plaited hair?
It is of course haraj, moreover, very strong predicament to take a filled tooth out. But since there is a way out for this in another madhhab, when one imitates that madhhab, the problem will be settled.

Darūrat which causes haraj in doing a fard, i.e. hinders its performance, either arises from compulsion, e.g. women growing their hair long – the Sharī’at [Islam] has prohibited them from cutting their hair – or it is intended to cure an ailing limb and protect it against dangers. Or, it is because there is no other way. In case there is a haraj and it is impossible to imitate any one of the other three madhhabs, the policy to be followed is to see whether the present haraj has arisen out of a darūrat. There is a haraj in women’s undoing their plaited hair. Since it is not possible for them to imitate another madhhab and thereby get over the haraj and growing their hair long is consequent upon a darūrat (Islam commands it), they have been absolved from having to undo their plaited hair.

Women’s not undoing their plaited hair does not absolve men from having to undo their plaited hair. This difference is because there is darūrat and haraj for the former. However, there is no darūrat, though there is haraj, in concerning men’s hair. When there is not darūrat, it is necessary for men to undo their plaited hair in ghusl.

[darūrat: 1- strong necessity, a samāwī (involuntary) reason that forces one to do something, that is, a reason which happens beyond one’s will, is called a darūrat 2- an involuntary excuse such as the danger of dying or losing a limb, or severe pain. These excuses make it mubāh [allowed] to perform an act that is normally harām [forbidden] in Islam.]

In the first ghusl
Does a person who has had his/her tooth filled begin imitating the Mālikī Madhhab when performing the first ghusl?

People who have had their teeth filled
Is it necessary for people in the Hanafī Madhhab to perform a ghusl by imitating the Mālikī Madhhab immediately after they have had their teeth filled?
A ghusl is not necessary until they become junub. However, it is not an inconvenience for them to imitate that madhhab immediately.

People who do not become junub
Is it necessary for old widows or eunuchs who have filled teeth to imitate the Mālikī Madhhab?
Since they do not become junub, it is not necessary for them to imitate that madhhab.

Imitating the Mālikī Madhhab
Is it appropriate for a person imitating the Shāfi’ī Madhhab because of filled tooth to give up imitating that madhhab and to begin imitating, as a matter of convenience, the Mālikī Madhhab?
Yes, it is appropriate.

People who have had their fillings removed
Is it necessary for people who have had their filled teeth pulled to continue imitating the Mālikī Madhhab?
They have to continue imitating that madhhab until they perform a ghusl.

Screwed ready-made teeth (Dental implants)
Today ready-made teeth are screwed into the jawbone. Are they also included in the category of fillings?
As it is not possible to remove and wet under them, they are included in the category of fillings.

Date of Update
6 Ekim 2022 Peržembe
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